The Measurement Core
The Measurement Core
The higher rates of preventable and treatable chronic diseases and poorer health among minority groups may be due to their poor participation in research, as well as misguided approaches for conducting research that may not be appropriate for this culturally diverse population. The result has been a lack of accurate information about their health, the root causes of health disparities, and continued poor health outcomes for racial/ethnic minorities. Without this information, developing culturally appropriate interventions that may end health disparities remains a challenge. The Measurement Core of Project EXPORT is intended to facilitate Project EXPORT programs goals of meeting this challenge. The specific aims of the core are:
Specific Aim 1: To assist center investigators with the development of culturally appropriate health-related measures for African American and English- and Spanish-speaking Latino patients.
Specific Aim 2: To assist center investigators with the psychometric evaluation of new and existing health-related measures.
Specific Aim 3: To promote the use of state-of-the-art psychometric methods.
The Measurement Core has been highly effective in meeting its specific aims and facilitating EXPORT program goals as measured by its key role at enhancing community outreach, mentoring and training junior faculty to conduct culturally appropriate research. It has also developed and conducted innovative research that has identified potential barriers to conducting research related to ending health disparities. Accomplishments attributable to the core include organizational improvement, curricular changes to enhance the conduct of culturally appropriate research, the development of new approaches to assessing the readability of surveys, and high productivity of publications resulting from research efforts targeting minority health disparities.
Recent Measurement Core Highlights
- The Core has mentored and rendered assistance in scientific and grant writing to 25 junior faculty members from Drew and UCLA during the current funding period. It has provided training in the cultural adaptation of health information, building cross-cultural competency in clinical practice, the validity of survey items for use among multi-cultural populations, the use of large data sets to conduct cross-cultural epidemiologic research, and the psychometric and statistical analysis of survey and other health-related data.
- The Core continues to make important national contributions to the field of cross-cultural survey research and is working on 1) an analysis of the perceptions of medical school faculty on their institution’s need for mental health education and research and; 2) the cultural and linguistic adaptation of the Kidney Disease Quality of Life Questionnaire (KDOQL).
- In response to the growing number of qualitative research projects at Drew and UCLA that use focus group research methods the Core collaborated with the Drew Biomedical Research Center to sponsor a two-day training workshop on the use of Atlas.ti qualitative research software.
- To promote the use of state-of-the-art measurement methods among EXPORT supported investigators, the EXPORT measurement core has sponsored a series of measurement seminars at UCLA and Drew.