International Programs

International Programs

Angola

Overview
Charles R. Drew University has had an active presence in Angola for more than 10 years. The overarching goal of the partnership between CDU and the Angolan Armed Forces (FAA) is to prevent the spread of HIV among military personnel in Angola. 
The key components of this program currently include:

  • Expanding the Activists HIV prevention program and strengthen the capacity of the over 500 activists previously trained within the Angolan Armed Forces
  • Developing voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) sites throughout Angola to deliver quality VCT services and effective HIV prevention to military personnel and
  • Providing training to improve HIV diagnosis, treatment and psychosocial support for HIV positive individuals.
  • Preventing and solving HIV/AIDS problems by conducting quantitative and qualitative research on behavioral risk factors of HIV infection and
  • Promoting leadership support to know and recognize the threat posed by HIV/AIDS to national security.

Country demographics
Sub-Saharan Africa remains the region most affected with HIV representing 70% of new infections occurring in the world and 67% of the total number of infected people live in this area.
HIV in this area is known to spread in the following ways:

  • Heterosexual sex – 79.2
  • Mother-to-child – 6%
  • Blood contact – 0.5%. 

Social determinants specific to the region which contribute are multiple partners, gender inequity, poverty, limited employment opportunities, limited educational resources and political wars( war related issues such as social displacement and trauma).  Social consequences with contraction are painful death, stigma and discrimination, increased orphan population. The age groups most likely to be contract HIV are 18-45 in Angola.
Program objectives
To provide technical assistance to the Angolan Armed Forces through different evidence-based methods and prospectives in order to strength their HIV Prevention Program.

  • Expanding VCT services
  • Develop a written HIV/AIDS strategic plan
  • Development and distribution of IEC material
  • Promote HIV/AIDS education and awareness through media communication - radio studio
  • Support community wide promotions and communications events – WAD and FAA HIV Day (Jornada)
  • Conduct trainings for military personnel on diagnosis, treatment, care, psychological support, HIV data management, monitoring and evaluation of HIV programs, and activism ( peer education)

Project demographics
The Angolan Armed Forces (FAA) includes army, navy and air branches. The estimated number of military personnel is 100,000 who are distributed in bases of these three branches all over the country.
The Health Polices and Directives Division are defined at Health Division under umbrella of Joint Chief of Staff. Currently the FAA has 15 infirmaries, 22 VCT centers (9 sponsored by this project) and 6 treatment centers where the soldier is followed by a multidisciplinary team. The HIV prevalence in Angola (2.1%) is significantly lower than at border countries, which requires more intensive interventions at the borders on North, West and South regions. The HIV prevalence in FAA is 3.2%, according to the latest study in 2011. The most infected male group is 30-34 years of age.   The main risk factors are infrequent condom use, multiple partners, alcohol use and deployments for long periods.
CDU works primarily with policy-makers of the Health Division and secondly with health service providers in the field to address these challenges by providing technical support and guidance.

IEC materials produced


Training Manuals and Curriculums

          Educational  Tools                Posters and Pamphlets              Mass media

Diagnostic Manual f or HIV/AIDS in Military Units
Activists Manual

Lunguka Card Game                     Use condoms                               Radio program
                                                  I am Positive and healthy
Know your status

STIs

                                                         Free  HIV treatment

 

 

 

Accomplishments/highlights

  • >600 staff trained
  • 9 VCT centers established
  • Leadership support
  • Country ownership ( FAA personnel as training facilitators)
  • 2 BSS implemented
  • Military HIV logo and slogan developed
  • Annual Planning workshop
  • Military Radio studio created and operational
  • Radio programs four times/month
  • IEC material produced in a yearly basis
  • Regular Integrated supervisory visits – yearly
  • Civil-Military Alliance to Combat HIV/AIDS
  • CDU participation in annual high level military meeting to provide leadership awareness on program performance, challenges, achievements and new goals.

Staff : Greice Malengue, B.s. Pharm, - Country Director, Angola
Greice Malengue received her training in pharmacy from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro – Brazil. In Brazil, Ms. Malengue worked in the administration sector of the Brazilian army. Afterwards, Ms. Malengue relocated to Angola under the United Nations for 6 years. There Ms. Malengue implemented an effective National HIV prevention and treatment programs in partnership with the NIH. Ms. Malengue has worked under various leadership capacities in Angola, initially a consultant, procurement officer and later a deputy project manager in Angola. Currently, Ms. Malengue is an MBA student and a CDU representative for Angola. Ms. Malengue organizes field efforts focused on HIV prevention and organizational capacity building with the Angolan Armed Forces as directed by CDU’s International health program partnership with the US Department of Defense.

 

Angola Photos 9-5-13 CDU staff